Globally, there has been a steady increase in life expectancy, population ageing, and a rapid upsurge in the number of people living with dementia. Japan has the highest proportion of people over 65 years of age in the world. More than 8 million Japanese have cognitive problems, with over 4.5 million people suffering from dementia. Currently no cure for dementia exists; therefore, the immediate goal is early detection and management to help slow cognitive decline and delay the progress of dementia.
Randomized controlled trial to evaluate a model of community integrated intermediary care (CIIC) services for older adults in Thailand
Globally, healthy life expectancy significantly lags behind life expectancy. The average difference between life expectancy and healthy life expectancy at birth is 12.2% across all WHO regions. Therefore, as people live longer, the probability increases that people will develop and manage chronic conditions that require care.
Analysing data availability and policies in Myanmar for the progressive realisation of UHC in light of population ageing
Myanmar is committed to the progressive realization of Universal Health Coverage (UHC) for the entire nation. The number of persons 65 years and over is expected to more than double to 9.8% of the population by 2035. It is timely, therefore, to review policies and nationally available data relevant to inform policies on UHC in the context of population ageing.
Populations around the world are ageing rapidly and accompanying this is a rise in the prevalence of non-communicable diseases (NCDs). Progress towards Universal Health Coverage (UHC) could be accelerated by adopting affordable and sustainable service delivery models that attend to NCDs and their risk factors, so that NCD-related disability and morbidity are managed.
Without appropriate care for older persons in place, health services may inadvertently place older patients in acute care facilities. This could drive up health care costs for patients, their families and the health system, and may not offer the most appropriate level of care. Preventing unnecessary readmissions to hospitals and use of emergency and outpatient department services is key to enabling more sustainable health care use by older people.